Mediterranean diet has now become the healthiest diet in the world. There was a new study and was published from the BMJ Journal Gut.
It was reported that having a Mediterranean diet for a year changed the microbiome of older people and somehow improved the functions of the brain that helps in terms of longevity.
This particular kind of diet helps in inhibiting the production of inflammatory chemicals which often breaks the cognitive function and prevents the development of certain chronic diseases which includes diabetes, atherosclerosis and cancer.
According to the author “Our findings support the feasibility of changing the habitual diet to modulate the gut microbiota which in turn has the potential to promote healthier ageing.”
People are not familiar with the so-called biomes. In a lifetime of a human, at least 60 tons of food pass through the digestive tract.
These foods may play the good and bad part of the immune system, thus absorbing its nutrients and going into the energy and metabolism level.
Science tells that as a person ages, there are different types of microbes that are found in the gut, and as one grows old, it lessens.
Poor diet is often widespread in older people, especially in residential care and if living alone too. Issues like health and dental related problem make it difficult for them to have a well=balanced diet.
The study was done for 612 people from different countries, France, Italy, Netherlands, Poland and the UK, and their gut microbiome was analyzed. Mediterranean diet is based on lots of vegetables, nuts, legumes, olive oil, fish, sugar and less red meat.
Those who had followed the diet saw beneficial changes to their gut microbiome in their digestive system. Bacterial diversity reduced as well as other harmful inflammatory markers.
Also, there is a growth of beneficial bacteria for improving brain function. The nationalities of those who participated in the study didn’t matter.
They were the same and consistent no matter the age, race and weight.
Mediterranean diet is simple; it is based on plants and focused more on vegetables, whole grains, beans, nuts and some olive oil. Meats are only used rarely, if so, to flavour a dish.
Eggs, dairy and small meat portion, are needed, but fish is a staple.
A dietitian said that “It’s more than a diet, it’s a lifestyle. It also encourages eating with friends and family, socializing over meals, mindfully eating your favourite foods, as well as mindful movement and exercise.”
This diet has won the award “Best Diet” for three years in a row. For someone who is looking for a new kind of food, this may be worth a try.
The steps are easy, and you don’t need to break that much rules. You would only need to focus on plants, including fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds.
Garnish with olive oil. Try to stay away from coconut and palm oil as they are high in saturated fats. Consume fish at least twice a week and dairies could be consumed daily in moderate portion.